From March 1, homeowners will pay for utility resources consumed for general house needs (ODN) in a new way – based on actual consumption, if a meter is installed, and if it is not, then according to the changed standards. What to expect in payment orders, the “Parliamentary newspaper” found out.
Pay like neighbors
The Cabinet of Ministers has amended the rules for determining the standards for the consumption of utilities and resources when using property in apartment buildings. Their main goal is the desire of government agencies to bring the calculated values of consumption of utilities and resources closer to the level of actual consumption. The amendments relate to payment for hot and cold water, electricity and sanitation. There will be a standard for the consumption of thermal energy for heating water that did not exist before.
Now the standards are formed based on the power of the connected equipment and the specific consumption of resources. According to the new rules, meter readings in houses with similar design features and in similar climatic zones can be taken as a basis. This is called the analog method. The court will be able to change the standards by its decision if it is proved that they were established with violations.
The adjustments that people were exposed to at the beginning of the year should go into the past. This was mainly due to payment for heating, the head of the National Housing Congress told Parliamentary Gazeta. Tatiana Vepretskaya. “People will pay evenly throughout the year,” she explained. “The numbers on the receipts may increase slightly, as the previous standards often did not correspond to reality, but this will not be a sharp increase.”
But, according to the expert, the most active residents will be able to set standards for the consumption of communal resources only for their homes. They, of course, should be close to actual consumption.
• They want to make reports of management companies understandable to residents
There are two ways to calculate and pay for the cost of ODN: according to the standards and according to the actual consumption of resources according to the indications of common house meters. In the second case, the costs are distributed among all tenants in proportion to the occupied area.
The standards in some regions were underestimated, and the management company paid extra for the difference for ODN, the deputy chairman of the State Duma Committee on Housing and Utilities told Parliamentary Newspaper Svetlana Razvorotneva. Now, everyone will have to pay for the light bulb that burns on the floor, the electricity consumed by the elevator or the water that is used to wash the entrance. It may turn out that the actual consumption will be higher than the normative one, which means that it is worth getting ready for changes in the numbers in payments, the deputy warned.
But the “managers” will have fewer worries: if earlier they should have been worried about water leaks in the basement or the lights on the floors around the clock, now they don’t care about all this. Owners are at the forefront of housing and communal services.
Svetlana Razvorotneva advised not to be shy about asking her management company uncomfortable questions. The rent is the very case when clarification may be required. When the rules change, both unintentional, technical errors are possible, as well as completely man-made and conscious, under the guise. If the error is proved, then you can get a recalculation, as written in the Housing Code.
One good news
Surprisingly, you can pay for housing and communal services not only more, but also less. And completely legal. What seems absolutely logical – not to pay for those services that you do not use – was legalized only now. From March 1, changes to the rules for the provision of housing and communal services come into force. People will be able to pay less for garbage collection if they have been away from home for more than five days.
For recalculation, you need to go to the management company, write a statement there, attaching documents to it that clearly indicate that you have not littered for a long time, that is, you were not at home. These can be air or railway tickets, a tourist voucher, a travel certificate. The main thing is not to be late, because you can apply for a deduction only within thirty days after returning to your native land. The recalculation can be done both by residents of houses, where garbage collection rates are set based on the number of residents of the apartment, and those who take into account the area of u200bu200bliving premises.
But here, too, there are pitfalls: it is not clear what to do for those who have several apartments, but live only in one, – there is no mechanism to prove their long absence from square meters, Svetlana Razvorotneva noted. It is also hard for businessmen who pay for garbage collection twice if their company is registered at their home address. This issue is still awaiting a decision.