An agreement between the governments of the USSR and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland was signed in Moscow on May 25, 1956. It grants the right to British fishing vessels to fish in the waters of the Barents Sea along the coast of the Kola Peninsula, along the mainland east of Cape Kanin Nos and along the coast of Kolguev Island, beyond three nautical miles from the low tide line on both the mainland and the islands. Since Russia became the legal successor of the USSR after its collapse, the agreement continued to be valid.
MOSCOW, 21 Feb — The State Duma adopted law on the denunciation of the 1956 agreement allowing sailors from Great Britain to fish in the Russian zone of the Barents Sea.
Considering the UK’s decision on March 15, 2022 to terminate the most favored nation regime in bilateral trade with Russia, the denunciation of the agreement “will not cause serious foreign policy and economic consequences” for Moscow, the explanatory note states.
The President of the All-Russian Association of Fisheries German Zverev explained that the refusal of one of the parties to the agreement does not violate international law. As Vice-Speaker of the Federation Council Konstantin Kosachev noted in Telegram, Britain’s ban on fishing in the Russian zone of the Barents Sea is a long-overdue, legal and situation-appropriate response from Moscow to London’s unfriendly actions.
The Daily Mail previously wrote that in 2023 alone, British fishermen caught a “colossal” amount of cod in the Barents Sea – more than 566 thousand tons.