The emotions triggered by fake news can push people into impulsive, thoughtless actions that often lead to unfortunate consequences. This is all due to the fact that in the modern information flow a person cannot quickly distinguish the truth from half-truths or even outright lies, said Jomart Aliyev, First Vice-Rector of the Russian State Social University (RSSU).
“Look for the original source of the information that “hooked” you. Reposting news on a social feed is not a source of information. Millions of people on social networks repost something scandalous, provocative, with a wow effect. This is what the creators of fakes, who are “sold” in the media space, rely on better than genuine news. Therefore, in order to confirm or refute information, you need to find the source. It is better that it be an official media, whose activities are regulated by law,” he said to Life.
Aliyev noted that many bloggers enjoy the legislature’s loyalty to them and allow themselves to be easily manipulated with facts. The expert urged to remember that up to 75% of news in social networks is distributed by bots, which can be used to manipulate public opinion. According to the vice-rector, if a person stumbles upon such an account while searching for a source of information, one should pay attention to several points: does it contain content that characterizes this particular person, his family, field of activity, region of residence. If the entire feed consists of reposts and pictures from the Internet, then most likely you have a false account created to throw in fakes.
“Targeting makes fake news effective. The Internet “slips” fake news in accordance with the interests of the audience. To understand what exactly interests a particular person, his digital footprint helps. Queries in search engines, time spent reading texts on a certain topic, friendly “likes” in social networks – all this allows you to accurately determine the gender, age and range of interests of a particular person. Aliyev said.
To protect himself from fake information as much as possible, he advised leaving as few digital traces as possible on the Web. In addition, you should not add strangers as friends, as well as make decisions based on calls to do something immediately, even if they are repeated from different sources. It is also necessary to accurately determine the time that a citizen is ready to spend in the information field. You should protect yourself from excessively long stays on various Internet resources, which will allow you to maintain control over emotions and the ability to analyze information.
“Do not distribute unverified news – neither in personal conversations, nor even in group chats via instant messengers and social networks. Do not become a tool in the hands of manipulators. It is important to remember that the dissemination of deliberately unreliable socially significant information under the guise of true facts can entail administrative liability in the form of a fine in the amount of up to 100,000 rubles, and if this information posed a threat to the life and safety of citizens, then the punishment is more severe: a fine of up to 700,000 rubles or restriction of freedom for up to three years. concluded the first vice-rector of the RSSU, calling common sense and critical thinking the main weapon against fake information.