February 10th day in history

Day of the diplomatic worker.

Established by a decree of the President of the Russian Federation of October 31, 2002 in commemoration of the 200th anniversary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.

The date of the holiday is associated with the earliest mention (February 10, 1549) of the first foreign policy department in the history of our country – the Ambassadorial Order. Although the age of domestic diplomacy is much older: the earliest known treaty – “On Peace and Love” – ​​dates back to 860. It was concluded with the Byzantine Empire and meant our country’s entry into the international arena.

In the middle of the 16th century, the Posolsky Prikaz was formed, headed by the duma clerk Ivan Viskovaty. The structure and functions of the order were finally formed by 1650-1670. At the same time, the first Russian diplomatic missions abroad were created.

In the 18th century, the Posolsky Prikaz was transformed into the Collegium of Foreign Affairs. It was divided into two branches: the political department or the secret office and the “public expedition”. The office was engaged in the reception of foreign diplomats in Russia and sending Russian diplomats abroad, as well as diplomatic correspondence. Expedition – economic and postal affairs.

In September 1802, Emperor Alexander I established the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Count Alexander Vorontsov became the first head of the Foreign Ministry.

After the October Revolution of 1917, the People’s Commissariat for Foreign Affairs was formed by Decree of the II All-Russian Congress of Soviets, headed by Leon Trotsky. In March 1946, the Foreign Ministry was returned to its former name – the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR.

In 1991, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs was transformed into the Ministry of Foreign Relations of the USSR. After the collapse of the USSR, the department ceased its activities, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation became its successor. In different years it was headed by Andrei Kozyrev (1990-1996), Evgeny Primakov (1996-1998), Igor Ivanov (1998-2004). Since March 2004, Sergey Lavrov has been the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

World Pulses Day.

Commemorative date of the UN, established by the resolution of the General Assembly of the organization of December 20, 2018 at the initiative of Burkina Faso. The purpose of the holiday is to raise public awareness of the nutritional properties of legumes and their role in ensuring food security.

Pulses are leguminous plants whose fruits are harvested solely for the use of their dry grains. The most common types are beans, peas and lentils.

Memorial Day of Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin.

On February 10, 1837, the great Russian poet Alexander Pushkin died in St. Petersburg after a tragic duel.

The reason for the duel was the anonymous letters that Alexander Pushkin received in November 1836. The author of the libels assigned the poet a “patent for the title of cuckold”, and hinted at the persistent courtship of his wife Natalia by the cavalry lieutenant Baron Georges Dantes.

Pushkin challenged Dantes to a duel, the lieutenant accepted the challenge, but a few days later made an offer to Natalya Nikolaevna’s sister, Ekaterina Goncharova. The duel had to be postponed.

After the wedding of Dantes and Catherine in January 1837, rumors and jokes about Pushkin and his family continued to spread.

The enraged poet sent an extremely insulting letter to Dantes’ adoptive father, Baron Louis Gekkern, to which he responded with a challenge on behalf of Dantes.

On the evening of February 8, a duel took place in the suburbs of St. Petersburg on the Black River. Pushkin’s second was his lyceum comrade Lieutenant Colonel Konstantin Danzas, Dantes – the secretary of the French embassy Viscount d’Archiac.

The conditions of the duel did not give any of the opponents a chance to survive. They stood at a distance of twenty paces from each other, the barrier was ten paces, it was allowed to shoot from any distance on the way to the barrier.

Georges Dantes, who fired first, mortally wounded Pushkin in the right side of the abdomen. With a return shot, the poet easily wounded the lieutenant in the right hand.

The wounded Pushkin was brought home to the embankment of the Moika River, where, despite all the efforts of doctors, he died on February 10.


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