What can the owner of the animal be punished for?


    Regional authorities were allowed to introduce additional requirements for keeping and walking pets, in addition to those already in the federal law. Also, local authorities will be able to prohibit self-walking dogs and other domestic animals. Most of the provisions of the relevant law have already entered into force, the rest will take effect from March 1, 2023.

    Imprisonment as a last resort

    In January 2022, a seven-year-old girl went missing in the village of Domna, Chita District, Trans-Baikal Territory. Later, the body of a child with traces of numerous lacerations was found in a local wasteland. As the police suggested, the attack of stray dogs became the cause of death. However, it later turned out that the animals had a mistress. Local resident Tatyana Kachaeva kept 13 dogs that were on their own, that is, they ran around the district on their own.

    In order to prevent a repetition of such a tragedy, all animals belonging to Kacheeva were placed in a nursery. And their mistress was sentenced to one year and ten months of restraint of liberty and deprived of the right to breed and keep dogs for two years and ten months. Then the regional governor Alexander Osipov at a meeting with residents of Domna, where the girl died, he said that he would seek changes to federal legislation.

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    Prohibited by law

    The federal law “On Responsible Treatment of Animals” already contains general requirements for pet owners. Thus, according to Article 13.4, “walking pets must be subject to mandatory security of citizens, animals, safety of property of individuals and legal entities.”

    And article 13.5 of the same law obliges owners to exclude the possibility of free movement of the animal when crossing the road, in elevators, common areas and in the yards of apartment buildings, as well as on children’s and sports grounds. In addition, the owners are required to clean up the feces of the animal in places and on common areas.

    © Timur Khanov/PG

    However, there are no fines for violations of these rules in the Code of Administrative Offenses, so the regions now establish them on their own.

    The price of violation

    So, in the capital, the following fines have already been introduced in the local Code of Administrative Offenses:

    – for the appearance with a dog without a leash and a muzzle in shops, on beaches and in public transport – 1-2 thousand rubles;

    – for appearing with a dog without a leash in landscaped and specially protected natural areas – 1-2 thousand for citizens and 2-3 thousand for officials;

    – if a pet attacked a person, a Muscovite faces a fine of 4-5 thousand rubles;

    – if a pet attacked another pet and crippled it, a resident of the capital will also be fined 4-5 thousand rubles;

    – for walking a dog in the wrong place or not cleaning up the products of its vital activity – a fine of 1 to 2 thousand rubles.

    Many regions have similar laws and their own fees for violations.

    However, the situation may change soon, the first deputy chairman of the State Duma Committee on Ecology, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection said in July in the press center of Parliamentary Newspaper Vladimir Burmatov: before the end of this year, the Code of Administrative Offenses plans to introduce a number of new fines, which will be the same for the whole country.

    So, for bites, if “the owner’s animal attacked a person due to an oversight of the owner,” they want to increase the punishment to 200 thousand rubles.

    “In addition, it is planned to introduce fines for discarded animals – they can amount to 30 thousand rubles,” the deputy said.

    Regional kinks

    According to the already adopted law, which was prepared in the Federation Council, the regions were allowed to establish additional requirements for walking dogs and their maintenance. But the federal parliamentarians need to control this norm, the zoo lawyer asks Svetlana Zibert, ined in the subjects often go too far.

    For example, in Buryatia, walking rules have been established that infringe on the rights of animal owners, she noted: they were allowed to take a dog out of the house only on a short leash and in a muzzle, regardless of the size of the animal. According to the lawyer, this is contrary to federal law.

    Also in Buryatia, you can walk your dog only within walking areas, the area of ​​which is no more than 600 square meters. Such decisions by local authorities often have to be challenged in court, Siebert said. And she called on parliamentarians to ensure that the powers granted to the regions do not lead to the legitimization of such anti-dog lawmaking.

    You have to talk to people

    “A culture of the treatment of animals needs to be created, but this is not a quick process,” agreed with the animal rights activist the co-author of the law on additional rights of the regions, the deputy head of the Federation Council Committee on Agrarian Food Policy and Nature Management Elena Zlenko. That is why, she recalled, the document contains a clarification that the subjects can immediately begin to implement these norms or take a delay in order to create the necessary infrastructure.

    At the same time, according to the senator, animal rights activists, dog owners, and all citizens should participate in such a process. For example, dog walking areas can be determined at public hearings. “As for the financing of such platforms, these can be grants or crowdfunding projects, when money is collected on the Internet. That is, there are options for how to implement these norms,” the parliamentarian is sure. And the owners of apartment buildings can decide at a general meeting on the construction of such a site in the local area, Zlenko recalled.

    © Vladimir Afanasiev/PG

    The Federation Council will monitor the situation with the involvement of public figures in resolving such issues. “This is the practice of high-quality municipal management, when the head listens to the opinion of citizens through social networks, at personal meetings,” she said.

    Bitten, licked and scratched

    Elena Zlenko also gave the latest statistics from Rospotrebnadzor on the number of biting, licking and scratching people by animals. So, in January-March of this year, there were more than 125 thousand such cases.

    She also noted that in 2021 there were almost 333.5 thousand such incidents. At the same time, wild animals attacked people a little more than ten thousand times, that is, only in every 33rd case.

    “This suggests that the issue of keeping and walking pets requires additional regulation. This is exactly what the law is aimed at, which gives the regions additional rights in such matters,” the senator said.

    At the same time, local authorities should not adopt regulations that cannot be implemented by citizens, Zlenko said. “It’s hard for me to imagine a Buryat village where muzzled dogs run around. Such a norm is excessive, ”the senator assessed the regional ardor.


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