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The State Duma adopted in the first reading a bill on expanding the concept of high treason

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The State Duma in the first reading adopted a bill that expands the concept of high treason. The main legislative novelty in the package of bills is as follows: treason will be recognized as going over to the side of the enemy during a military conflict in which Russia participates. For this they will give 20 years in prison.

The bill proposes to make such a clarification in Art. 275 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (treason). In Art. 208 of the Criminal Code (organization of an illegal armed group or participation in it) it is proposed to consolidate “responsibility for the participation of a citizen of the Russian Federation in an armed conflict or military operations against the interests of our country in the absence of signs of treason.” For this they will be punished with imprisonment for a term of 12 to 20 years with a fine of up to 500 thousand rubles.

What other rules does the bill propose?

  • introduction of criminal liability for participation outside the Russian Federation in the activities and organization of activities of a foreign or international non-governmental organization undesirable in the Russian Federation (now they are punished only for participation in such NGOs on the territory of the Russian Federation);
  • introduction of liability for the transfer, collection, theft or storage in order to transfer to the enemy information that can be used against the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, committed in the context of an armed conflict (from 10 to 20 years);
  • the introduction of liability for public calls to carry out activities directed against the Russian Federation, or to prevent the authorities and their officials from exercising their powers to ensure the security of the Russian Federation is proposed – a fine of 100-500 thousand rubles. (by a group of persons – using their official position, using the media or the Internet – 300 thousand – 1 million rubles);
  • responsibility for the recruitment, training, financing or other material support of a mercenary, as well as his use in an armed conflict or hostilities – imprisonment for a term of 12 to 18 years (now from four to eight years);
  • involvement of mercenaries to participate in hostilities using one’s official position or in relation to a minor – imprisonment for up to 20 years with a fine of up to 500 thousand rubles. (now from seven to 15 years);
  • responsibility for participation in an armed conflict or hostilities for the mercenary himself – imprisonment for a term of seven to 15 years (now from three to seven years).

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