The historian called the adoption by Peter I of the title of emperor "reference point"


Sergei Kirillov Peter the Great.  1982-1984 - 1920, 02.11.2021

MOSCOW, Nov 2 – The adoption by Tsar Peter I of the title of emperor on November 2, 1721 (according to the new style) marked a key stage in the development of Russia, which then became one of the largest powers, and to this day participate in solving the most important issues of the order of the world, said the chairman of the board of the Russian Historical Society, executive Director of the Fatherland History Foundation Konstantin Mogilevsky.

“The history of Russia is continuous. But at the same time, it has such” reference points “when the power of one person manages to give a powerful impetus to the development of the state. Peter’s reforms and the announcement of Russia as an empire as the crown of these reforms became one of the key milestones in the annals of our country. Peter I of the title of Emperor is a symbolic point from which the countdown of Russia’s new role in world affairs begins, “Mogilevsky said.

The result of the victory in the Northern War was that Russia firmly and finally became one of the largest powers that, throughout their subsequent history, have participated and are still participating in solving the most important issues of the world order, the agency’s interlocutor noted. “I have no doubt that it will be so in the future,” added Mogilevsky.
According to him, under Peter I, the traditions of political culture and the traditions of diplomacy were largely laid. “After all, foreign policy mechanisms were needed in order to preserve and continue the status of one of the world leaders. And these traditions of the Russian Empire still live on,” the historian said.
Down with the beard! What do you know about the reforms of Peter I?
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Returning from abroad, Peter I ordered the founding of the first regular printed newspaper. The edition of the same name still exists today.
On Tuesday in St. Petersburg opens a scientific and practical conference “To the 300th anniversary of the proclamation of Russia as an empire. Symbols and meanings in a historical perspective.”
“This is a big conference, which will be held in the Peter and Paul Fortress by the State Museum of the History of St. Petersburg. This choice of location, in my opinion, is very symbolic, because one of the main components of the legacy of Peter I is the city of St. Petersburg, and, accordingly, the Peter and Paul Fortress. Therefore, it is very important on this date and in this place to talk about the history of the formation of Russia as an empire, about its responsibility for the fate of its peoples, and responsibility for the development of mankind as a whole, “Mogilevsky said.
The importance of the current conference is also emphasized by the fact that it was decided not to cancel its face-to-face format against the background of the difficult situation with the coronavirus, the agency’s interlocutor added.
“The city government even made a special decision on this topic – taking into account all the precautions to still hold this conference,” the historian said.
On August 30 (September 10, new style), 1721, the Treaty of Nystadt was concluded between Russia and Sweden, which ended the Northern War, which lasted 21 years. Under this agreement, Sweden recognized the annexation of Ingermanlandia (Izhora land), Vyborg, part of Karelia, Estland with Revel and Narva, Livonia with Riga and other lands to the border with Courland to Russia.
The agreement meant the fulfillment of the main task for which Russia fought. She succeeded in destroying the UK-instigated attempts to organize an anti-Russian coalition and expand the front of military operations against Russia. According to historians, the Nystadt Peace is considered the cornerstone of the formation of the Russian Empire. She entered the cohort of leading powers, on whose position the solution of the most important European problems depended. The struggle for access to the sea was completed, which then made it possible to establish strong economic ties with Europe. A symbolic reflection of the importance of this was the adoption by Peter I of the title of emperor.


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