Russians persuaded to trust law enforcement officers more

The work of the State Duma of the fifth convocation was remembered not only by landmark political laws, including those that increased the term of office of the president and deputies of the State Duma to six and five years, respectively. It was at that time that private clinics were able to enter the CHI system, the police were renamed the police, and children were protected from information dangerous to them. In total, the fifth convocation adopted 1581 federal laws and approved 27 federal constitutional laws.

Private doctors start free appointments

Since 2011, private clinics have the right to work in the compulsory health insurance system. Where this opportunity has been taken advantage of, medical assistance can be obtained free of charge at the expense of the Compulsory Medical Insurance Fund. This was allowed by the Federal Law of November 29, 2010 No. 326-FZ.

People have the right to choose a medical organization and an attending physician, a list of them is available on the official websites of the territorial CHI funds. It was allowed to change the insurance organization once a year, for this you need to submit an application to the new company no later than November 1. More often, it is also possible, but only if the patient has moved or the contract on the financial support of compulsory medical insurance has ceased to operate.

Also, the Russians were given new-type policies that no longer need to be changed upon dismissal, job change or insurance company.

Children protected from harmful information

By 2010, Russia, like other countries of the CIS and Europe, faced a wave of child and teenage suicides. The so-called death groups gathered “fans” of their ideas in social networks. Against this background, legislators have proposed to closely monitor what information reaches children and adolescents. This is how the Federal Law of December 29, 2010 No. 436-FZ “On the Protection of Children from Information Harmful to Their Health and Development” appeared. This information is divided into two main types.

– Prohibited for placement. This is information that causes fear, panic in children, and also justifies violence and illegal behavior, including information that encourages them to take actions that pose a threat to their life and health, provoking children to commit suicide. Also included here is information that can make children want to use drugs, psychotropic, intoxicating substances, tobacco and alcohol, take part in gambling, engage in prostitution, vagrancy or begging.

– Information, the distribution of which is limited by the age category of its consumers. Four such groups appeared: for children under 6 years old, under 6 years old, over 12 years old, over 16 years old. So, children who have reached the age of 6 can be shown products containing a non-naturalistic image or description of an accident, accident, non-violent death, but without demonstrating their consequences, which can cause horror and fear in children.

For 16-year-olds, information about drugs is acceptable, indicating the consequences of their use, but without demonstrating the use and provided that a negative or judgmental attitude towards their use is expressed.

© PhotoXPress

The police became the police

By 2010, it became clear that Russians complained about the work of the police. Various public opinion polls revealed that up to 70 percent of respondents do not trust law enforcement officers.

After the crime of Major Denis Yevsyukov, who fired at a Moscow supermarket in 2009, which caused a strong public outcry, the authorities decided to reform the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The president Dmitry Medvedev proposed to return the former, even pre-revolutionary name “police” to the police. The reform was regulated by the Federal Law of February 7, 2011 No. 3-FZ “On the Police”. Its norms not only revived the police in Russia, but also strengthened public control over the department.

The policemen were taken out of the staff of the ministry for subsequent re-certification. During the reform, 183 thousand employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, including 143 generals, lost their posts. Another 21 generals did not pass certification.

Some police duties were transferred to other departments, for example, the police ceased to be engaged in the administrative expulsion of illegal migrants, escorting detainees and prisoners from the pre-trial detention center, and searching for debtors. When communicating with a citizen, police officers were charged with the duty not only to give their position, rank, surname and present their service certificate upon request, but also to report the reason and purpose of the appeal.

Helpers found for firefighters

In the summer of 2010, abnormal heat and lack of precipitation caused forest and peat fires in 20 regions of Russia. By August, 40 people had become their victims, more than a thousand houses had burned down. The state of emergency had to be introduced in the seven most affected regions – Mari El, Mordovia, Vladimir, Voronezh, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod and Ryazan regions. On some days, 300-400 new pockets of fire arose there. In large cities, including Moscow, there was thick smog for several weeks.

It became clear that professional firefighters needed help. Thus, the Federal Law of May 6, 2011 No. 100-FZ “On Voluntary Fire Protection” was prepared and adopted. Volunteer fire brigades existed in the USSR, but their status in modern Russia was not defined, it was not clear who financed them, what guarantees and compensations they were entitled to.

The new law prescribed that it is possible to form a voluntary fire brigade from people who have reached the age of 18 and are fit for health reasons to be engaged in the prevention and extinguishing of fires, emergency rescue operations. Volunteers directly involved in extinguishing should be provided with personal protective equipment and firefighter equipment necessary for this work. They have the right to compensation for harm to life and health caused in the performance of duties.

© Kommersant

Passing MOT became more convenient

In 2011, the technical inspection reform was launched in Russia. President Dmitry Medvedev took the initiative to take this function away from the traffic police and make maintenance simpler and more transparent. The new rules were approved by the Federal Law of July 1, 2011 No. 170-FZ.

According to the document, new cars could not undergo MOT for three years from the date of release. The coupon was issued immediately upon registration, and not only cars, but also trucks up to 3.5 tons. For cars aged 3 to 7 years, the maintenance ticket has to be renewed every two years. And only cars older than 7 years had, as before, to undergo MOT every year. Passenger taxis, buses, special vehicles for the transport of dangerous goods were required to undergo the procedure every six months.

It was allowed to do a technical inspection at any point, regardless of the place of residence of the driver or the registration of the car. The right to become a “technical inspection operator” appeared in any service center, insurance company, car dealership. To do this, it was necessary to acquire technical diagnostic tools and hire at least one technical expert. Another requirement is “the ability to daily transfer information about the results of a technical inspection to a single automated information system for technical inspection, as well as documenting information about such results.”

The norms of the law prescribed to undergo a technical inspection before obtaining an OSAGO policy. It became impossible to get a motor citizen without a MOT coupon.

Parties equalized broadcasting rights

Equal access to the air to all parliamentary parties, without exception, was provided by the Federal Law of May 12, 2009 No. 95-FZ “On Guarantees of Equality of Parliamentary Parties in the Coverage of Their Activities by State Public Television and Radio Channels”.

Such channels began to be understood as television and radio programs, the founder and distributor of which is the all-Russian television and radio broadcasting organization, created in the form of a federal state unitary enterprise. VGTRK became such a company. Therefore, they began to take into account the airtime on its TV channels Rossiya and Vesti-24, the radio channels Radio Rossii, Mayak, Vesti FM, as well as a number of regional television and radio companies.

Hunting with a single ticket

Deputies of the State Duma of the fifth convocation made sure that a hunting ticket of a single sample appeared in Russia. And for free access to hunters in each region, at least 20 percent of hunting grounds were allocated. This was assumed by the Federal Law of July 24, 2009 No. 209-FZ “On hunting and on the conservation of hunting resources”.

According to the document, the hunting license became unlimited and uniform for the entire territory of the country. Adult Russians who have permission to carry and use hunting weapons were allowed to apply for it. Public authorities began to issue a hunting ticket, and not amateur hunting societies, as it was before.

As Natalya Komarova, who at that time held the position of chairman of the State Duma Committee on Natural Resources, Nature Management and Ecology, explained, the deputies, having supported the document, in fact, decided to introduce into the legal field an entire industry that had existed underground over the past decades.

“What did this lead to, say the facts that testify to the transformation of poaching into an established business, the actual monopolization of hunting, the spread of the practice of using barbaric tools and methods of trapping wild animals, the practical cessation of measures to preserve hunting resources,” the deputy said.


– The Federal Law of November 21, 2011 No. 323-FZ “On the Fundamentals of Protecting the Health of Citizens …” provided for a ban on euthanasia, that is, accelerating the death of a patient at the request of a patient by any actions or means, including the cessation of artificial measures to maintain the patient’s life .

– Federal Law No. 48-FZ dated April 24, 2008 “On guardianship and trusteeship” secured the preferential right of close relatives to become guardians and trustees.

– Federal Law No. 242-FZ of December 9, 2008 “On State Genomic Registration” provided that this procedure is mandatory for people convicted and serving sentences for committing serious or especially serious crimes, as well as all categories of crimes against sexual integrity and sexual freedom personality.

– Federal Law No. 259-FZ dated November 10, 2009 “On Lomonosov Moscow State University and St. Petersburg State University” determined the features of the legal status of the leading classical universities in Russia.

Read also:

• Who said that parliament is not a place for discussion, and why it was not


Be the first to read breaking news on Today’s latest news, and live news updates, read the most reliable English news website

Leave a Reply