In Goleniow, in northwestern Poland, near Szczecin, the Baltic Pipe pipeline was inaugurated, transporting Norwegian gas through Denmark to Poland. Its delivery capacity is 10 billion cubic meters per year. The project was symbolically opened by Polish President Andrzej Duda, Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki and Danish Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen during a ceremony at the Goleniow gas compressor station.
In his speech, Duda emphasized that the gas pipeline would diversify gas supplies to Poland, strengthen the country’s sovereignty and make it independent of Russian supplies. According to him, the pipeline will also make a significant contribution to solving the problem of gas supply to the EU countries, since gas can be “transferred from Poland to where it is needed.”
In his speech, Morawiecki said that “the era of Russian dominance in the field of gas supplies to Europe, characterized by blackmail, threats and pressure, is coming to an end.” The Baltic pipeline is “a counterbalance to military plans Putin“- the opposite of the Nord Stream 1 and Nord Stream 2 gas pipelines,” Prime Minister Morawiecki said, referring to the Russian-German project under the Baltic Sea.
Referring to recent Nord Stream gas leaks, Morawiecki said: “We can clearly see that this is an act of sabotage.” This is likely to be another stage in the escalation of the situation in Ukraine, he added.
Mette Frederiksen called the opening of the pipeline “an important step towards independence from Russian gas.” She stressed that Moscow should not be allowed to use energy as a weapon.
The ceremony was also attended by the Minister of Petroleum and Energy of Norway Terje Aasland.
The Baltic Pipe gas pipeline, which will supply natural gas through the Danish energy system from Norwegian gas fields in the North Sea, will start operating in Poland from 1 October. By the end of this year, the Polish state gas supplier PGNiG plans to transport about 900 million cubic meters of gas through it. With a total capacity of 10 billion cubic meters per year, the pipeline will be fully operational from the beginning of next year.
PGNiG will supply gas from its own production through the pipeline on the basis of Norwegian concessions, as well as gas under contracts already signed with other suppliers operating in the Norwegian markets. On Friday, PGNiG signed a major contract with the Norwegian company Equinor, according to which, from the beginning of next year, Poland will receive 20 billion cubic meters of gas annually for more than two years.
In Poland, Baltic Pipe will help replace Russian gas supplies that were cut off at the end of April. Gas consumption in Poland last year amounted to 20 billion cubic meters. The country annually produces about 4 billion cubic meters of natural gas. Gas demand is also met by imports of Qatari and US liquefied natural gas (LNG). The capacity of the liquefied natural gas terminal at Swinoujscie on the Baltic Sea is planned to be increased to 8 billion cubic meters next year.
The Baltic Pipe pipeline system has been under construction since 2020. It is a joint investment between the Danish gas pipeline operator Energinet and the Polish gas pipeline operator Gaz-System and has a total length of about 900 km, of which about 275 km is under the surface of the Baltic Sea. Of the €1.6 billion building investment, €266 million came from Connecting Europe Facility (CEF).
Meanwhile, as reported EADailyThe Danish Ministry of Defense has published photos and videos of gas leaks on the Baltic gas pipelines from Russia to Germany near the island of Bornholm.
Yesterday, September 26, during the day, gas leaks were discovered on line A of Nord Stream 2 and both lines of Nord Stream near Bornholm Island. Operator Nord Stream AG reported that the damage was unprecedented. German media report that the German government is leaning towards the version of sabotage. Deputy Director of the FNEB Alexey Grivach says that each of the three lines of gas pipelines contains about 100 million cubic meters. Today, their value in the European market is $ 540 million.