Nikolai Nikolaev: We need a separate program for the restoration of the Sea of ​​Azov

Nikolai Nikolaev: We need a separate program for the restoration of the Sea of ​​Azov

Nikolay Nikolaev.
© Yuri Inyakin/PG

The Sea of ​​Azov has become one of the most polluted water bodies in Russia. Massive deaths of fish are recorded there from time to time. For example, last year such a misfortune happened in the area of ​​hydraulic structures in the Yeisk estuary. In order to protect the ecology of the reservoir and revive the former volumes of fisheries, it is necessary to develop a separate program for the restoration of the Sea of ​​Azov. This was announced by the Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Property, Land and Property Relations in the press center of the Parliamentary Newspaper. Nikolay Nikolaev.

– Nikolai Petrovich, the State Duma announced that with the entry of new regions into Russia, the Sea of ​​u200bu200bAzov has become an exclusively inland sea. Its environmental problems have become the concern of only our country. What is to be done?

– Yes, we are responsible for its ecology. And it is necessary to develop a special program for the restoration of the Sea of ​​Azov. This should be an integral project, similar to other targeted programs, such as the preservation of Lake Baikal. Moreover, such a project should be considered not only from the point of view of nature protection as such, but also the well-being of the people who live there. If we say that we just need to restore the environment, this topic will always be residual – there are many things that need to be done first. And if we are talking about the fact that the Sea of ​​Azov needs to be made a source, a base for the economic development of coastal regions, the perception will be different. One will complement the other – after all, it is impossible to breed fish if oil floats in the sea.

Therefore, there must be several directions. Restoration of biological populations, fisheries – this is the time. By the way, in the Russian Empire, it was the Sea of ​​​​Azov that was one of the main sources of fish for the European part of the country. And for a long time it fed almost the entire country. It is warm and shallow, it has an incredible amount of marine resources. Then – the restoration of ecology, the purity of the sea, the coast – these are two. And the development of tourism, the creation of new jobs – three. And of course, there must be restrictions so that we do not recover to the point that the situation will only worsen.

It is clear that we cannot do some things right now. No one has been working on the Sea of ​​Azov for decades, and the work ahead is long and difficult. But that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t start preparing. Now we are discussing with the Scientific Center for Eurasian Integration the possible parameters of the program, which could be proposed as an initiative to the Government of the Russian Federation.

– Among the environmental standards that are being considered in the State Duma is a bill that introduces “green” certificates confirming that electricity is obtained from renewable energy sources. That is, solar panels, wind farms, hydroelectric power plants, nuclear generation. What will it give?

– The bill was developed by the Government, we adopted it in the first reading. He not only proposes to confirm the low-carbon origin of the generated electricity, but also creates a new market in which it will be possible to trade the attributes of generation, which are certified by certificates. But there are still many unresolved questions. The fact is that it sounds beautiful – voluntary certification. But, for example, the Western system of environmental certification FSC controlled more than 30 percent of the forest market in our country. This means that access to the markets of other countries is provided not by the manufacturer itself, but, first of all, by the company that decides whether to issue, not issue or revoke the certificate.

Therefore, this topic needs to be properly configured, risks are analyzed so that the generation does not become dependent in any case and so that it does not rise in price, because in the end all these certificates cost money. I really hope that we will finalize the bill for the second reading so that there are no gaps. It is important that all environmental and climate policy be logical and follow from the priorities that the country faces, solve practical issues, and not be a tribute to the international agenda.

– Tell us what else the committee is working on now?

– The other day the chairman of the committee, Sergei Gavrilov, organized an off-site meeting at Russian Railways, where we discussed, among other things, issues of land ownership. The fact is that in recent years we have increased a huge number of various norms related to land. And when the coronavirus pandemic began, one of the most effective measures to support businesses, people, and entire cities was to reduce regulation and reduce costs associated with bureaucratic issues. And when some procedures, supervisory functions were reduced, it did not get worse, on the contrary, it became easier for business and people. The question arose as to how these procedures were correct and how redundant. We decided that next year we need to take a serious look at land support measures and rights registration issues to see if it makes sense to make a number of them permanent instead of simply renewing them.

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