International Day of Families.

Established by a resolution of the UN General Assembly on September 20, 1993. The document said that the celebration of this day provides an opportunity to draw the attention of state authorities, local governments, the media and the public to family problems, to holding events, targeted actions in support of it.

International climate day.

This ecological holiday was established at the initiative of meteorologists to draw public attention to the problems of climate change and the need to protect it.

In 1992, at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, more than 180 countries of the world signed the UN Convention on Climate Change. The document defines the general principles for the actions of states that are aimed at stabilizing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at a level that is safe for the Earth’s climate system.

International day of conscientious objector.

Established at the first international meeting of conscientious objectors in Copenhagen in 1981.

The right to refuse military service is guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

In Russia, on January 1, 2004, the federal law “On Alternative Civilian Service” came into force, which regulates relations related to the exercise by Russians of their right to replace military service with alternative civilian service. The document defines alternative civilian service as a special type of labor activity in the interests of society and the state, carried out by citizens of the Russian Federation in exchange for conscription military service.

World AIDS Day of Remembrance.

Every year on the third Sunday of May, people around the world remember people who died of AIDS.

For the first time this day was held in 1983 in San Francisco (USA). In 1991, artist Frank Moore came up with a symbol for the movement against this disease. They became a red ribbon pinned to clothes.

The first AIDS patients were identified in 1978 in the United States. Most researchers believe that the disease in its modern form appeared on Earth about 50 years ago.

AIDS is one of the major global public health problems today. According to WHO, the disease has claimed the lives of more than 35 million people. There are between 34 and 39.8 million people living with HIV worldwide.

In Russia, the first cases of this disease were registered in 1987. In total, more than a million diagnoses of “HIV infection” have been registered in our country.

Four years ago (2018) the opening ceremony took place road part of the Crimean bridge.

The ceremony was attended by Russian President Vladimir Putin. He, driving a KamAZ, led a convoy of trucks, which was the first to cross the bridge. Automobile traffic for cars and public transport was launched on May 16.

The decision to build a transport crossing that connects Crimea and the Krasnodar Territory was made in March 2014. It consists of two parallel bridges – road and rail (was opened in December 2019). About 220 Russian enterprises were involved in the construction of the bridge. The construction was carried out by more than 30 bridge crews, more than 10 thousand workers and engineering and technical specialists.

The Crimean bridge is one of the largest in Russia. Its length is 19 kilometers.

30 years ago (1992) in Tashkent, the heads of Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan signed the Collective Security Treaty (CST).

In 1993, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Belarus joined it. The treaty entered into force in all nine countries in April 1994. Subsequently, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Uzbekistan left the ranks of the organization.

On May 14, 2002, a decision was made in Moscow to transform the Collective Security Treaty Organization into a full-fledged international organization – the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO).

34 years ago (1988) the withdrawal of the limited contingent of Soviet troops from Afghanistan began.

Soviet troops entered Afghanistan in December 1979 on the basis of the Soviet-Afghan Treaty of Friendship, Good Neighborliness and Cooperation.

For 10 years of the presence of the USSR in this country, about 620 thousand officers, ensigns, sergeants and soldiers passed military service here, of which 546 thousand were direct participants in hostilities. Nearly 15,000 Soviet servicemen were killed, dozens went missing, and almost 54,000 were injured.

According to the Geneva Accords, signed on April 14, 1988, in the period from May 15, 1988 to February 15, 1989, Soviet troops were to be withdrawn from Afghanistan, and the United States and Pakistan were to stop supporting the rebels.

65 years ago (1957) the first rocket was launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome.

The decision to build the cosmodrome was made in February 1955, and in May 1957 the first launch complex was put into operation.

On May 15, 1957, the R-7 intercontinental ballistic missile was tested. Because of the fire in the tail section, the rocket flew only 400 meters. In August of the same year, the first successful launch of the R-7 took place. And on October 4, 1957, the specialists of the cosmodrome launched the first artificial Earth satellite into orbit.

Currently, Baikonur is one of the most working cosmodromes in the world. Its total area, excluding the fall areas of the detachable parts of the launch vehicles, is about 7 thousand square meters. kilometers. The cosmodrome includes: 5 launch complexes, 34 technical complexes for pre-launch preparation of launch vehicles, spacecraft and upper stages.

77 years ago (1945) the last operational report of the Sovinformburo was published.

The Soviet Information Bureau (Sovinformburo) was formed in 1941. Alexander Shcherbakov, Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, First Secretary of the Moscow City Party Committee, was appointed its leader.

The agency distributed its information through 1171 newspapers, 523 magazines and 18 radio stations in 23 countries of the world. Operational reports of the Sovinformburo were issued daily.

In total, over two thousand front-line reports were heard during the war years. Millions of people froze every day at the radios at the words “From the Soviet Information Bureau …”. On May 15, 1945, the last report was published. On Moscow radio, announcer Yuri Levitan said: “The reception of captured German soldiers on all fronts is over.”

80 years ago (1942) the first flight in the USSR on a jet aircraft was made.

The aircraft with a BI-1 liquid-propellant rocket engine was designed by designers Alexander Bereznyak and Alexei Isaev. The design of the aircraft was solid wood with a wing span of 6.48 meters. The length of the aircraft was 6.9 meters, the takeoff weight was 1,650 kilograms.

The BI-1 made its first flight in Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg). It was lifted into the air by test pilot Grigory Bakhchivandzhi.

87 years ago (1935) the first line of the Moscow Metro was opened.

The decision to build a metro in Moscow was made in 1931. The first stage of the subway, which was built by workers from all over the Soviet Union, was completed by October 1934, and in February 1935 the first test train passed through it.

May 15, 1935 opened the first line of the Moscow metro “Sokolnikov” to “Park Kultury” with a branch to “Smolenskaya”. The first line included 13 stations, and the total length of the tracks was about 11.5 kilometers. On the first day, about 370,000 people used the services of the Moscow metro.

Today, the Moscow metro has about 240 stations, more than 40 of which are recognized as objects of cultural heritage. On average, more than 7 million passengers use the metro every day, and on weekdays this figure exceeds 9 million.

155 years ago (1867) the Russian Red Cross Society was founded.

On this day, Emperor Alexander II signed a decree on the formation of the Society for the Care of Wounded and Sick Soldiers. The emperor, all the grand dukes and princesses, many high-ranking secular persons and representatives of the highest clergy of Russia became its honorary members. The society was under the patronage of Empress Maria Alexandrovna. In 1879 it was renamed the Russian Red Cross Society.

In 1923, representatives of the societies of the RSFSR, Ukraine, Belarus, Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan formed the Union of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

After the collapse of the USSR, the Russian Red Cross Society became its successors in our country (in 2001, the organization was called the Russian Red Cross).

Today the society is the oldest public organization in Russia. Its structure includes regional branches that operate in all subjects of Russia.

193 years ago (1829) the first exhibition of industrial and handicraft products produced in the Russian Empire opened in St. Petersburg.

More than 300 representatives from 33 provinces of the country took part in the exhibition. Thematically, it was divided into 15 departments: chemical works, paints; machines and instruments, mathematical, physical and other; glass, porcelain, faience; wool and woolen products; Different things; silk and silk products; linen and hemp yarn and products from them; paper yarn and products from it; hats; varnished things; broken paper products; writing paper and articles thereof; hardware; bronze, chandeliers, lamps; sugar; leather and morocco.

For the first time, a special catalog of the exhibition was published – “Painting of things exhibited at the first public exhibition of Russian products in St. Petersburg in 1829.”

Over 100,000 people visited it in three weeks.

538 years ago (1484) the Annunciation Cathedral was laid in the Moscow Kremlin.

It was built by order of Ivan III under the guidance of Pskov masters Krivtsov and Myshkin. The construction of the temple took five years, after which it was consecrated in honor of the feast of the Annunciation by Metropolitan Gerontius.

For centuries, the Cathedral of the Annunciation was the house church of the Russian Grand Dukes and Tsars. Sacred relics (relics, especially revered icons, old books) were kept here. Ceremonies of marriage and baptism of children were performed in the temple, and it was also used for the solemn entrance to the grand duke’s palace during the wedding ceremony for the kingdom, meetings of foreign ambassadors, processions during religious holidays. The rector of the cathedral was traditionally the confessor of the king.

After the 1917 revolution, the cathedral was closed. Since 1993, divine services for the Annunciation have been resumed in the temple, which are performed by the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.

92 years ago (1930), American Ellen Church became the world’s first flight attendant.

The profession of flight attendants originated more than 90 years ago. The first stewards appeared in 1928 in Germany. They began to take a special person on board the aircraft, who provided service during the flight. Initially, flight attendants were exclusively men, as a rule, former waiters of expensive restaurants.

In 1930, the idea arose in the United States to recruit young girls to work as flight attendants. It was supposed to be an advertisement for passenger air transportation: if fragile girls are not afraid to fly on an airplane, then it means that it is completely safe for other passengers.

The first flight attendant was Ellen Church, who was hired by United Airlines.



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