This time the emphasis has been on Environment, Transport, Electric Vehicle and Night Life. This is the need of the city. Apart from this, the rent policy is necessary because more than 20 percent of the people in Delhi live in rented houses. Apart from this, a large number of people come to Delhi for studies, training and other work.
- In view of the increasing population, the master plan for Delhi was prepared.
- Delhi’s population will increase from 2.6 crores to 2.92 crores by 2041
- DDA has fixed 45 days to give suggestions on this plan
The draft of Master Plan 2041 has become public. How do you see it?
The master plan is in a way a vision document for the next 20 years. It is made every 20 years so that it can be made according to the need. Like now there is a problem of pollution in Delhi. Health oriented facilities are now needed. The technology of road and construction has changed. In such a situation, the master plan is prepared according to the requirements. Apart from this, Delhi contributes seven percent to the country’s GDP. In such a situation, these contributions should also increase and people can also get facilities, this is also the purpose of the master plan.
But now there is very little land left in Delhi. In such a situation, how meaningful will this plan be from the perspective of new planning?
It’s not like this. There is still an area of about three hundred square km in Delhi, where the land is vacant. We will need 34 lakh houses in Delhi in the next 20 years. Out of these, 17 lakh houses will come from this vacant land and the remaining 17 lakh houses will be through the redevolution scheme. Many old areas can be redeveloped and new houses can be built there. Similarly, in the master plan, planning is done not only in terms of land but also in terms of the need of the city so that the city can move forward in a planned manner.
But is the master plan really being implemented?
The survey was done while preparing the last master plan. At that time it was found that 80 to 90 percent of the master plan was implemented in NDMC area and only about 50 percent could be implemented in the rest of Delhi. But in the Yamunapar area, only one-third of the area could be implemented. However, internationally, it is believed that only 70 to 75 percent of such plans are implemented.
But what was the reason for its implementation only 30 per cent in Yamunapar?
One, there was a lack of coordination between the civic agencies in this area. Different agencies have to do some work but they could not be done. Apart from this, there was also a reason that local area plans could not be made. In fact, according to the previous master plan, local area plans were to be prepared at the level of all 272 wards of Delhi, but they could not be made in Delhi.
Why the local area plan could not be prepared?
Actually, the DDA made the master plan and zonal plan, but the local area plan was to be prepared by the municipal corporations and for this the Municipal Act had to be amended so that the local area plan could be arranged, but this amendment could not be done in the Act.
So this time too will it be a problem?
This time, the provision of local area plan has been removed in the master plan. I think this should not happen because the master plan is in a way a concept plan. There must be a local area plan for it to benefit the people. This time perhaps the people who made the master plan did not feel the need for it.
Environment and rental policy has also been emphasized in this time’s master plan?
This time the emphasis has been on Environment, Transport, Electric Vehicle and Night Life. This is the need of the city. Apart from this, the rent policy is necessary because more than 20 percent of the people in Delhi live in rented houses. Apart from this, a large number of people come to Delhi for studies, training and other work. A policy can be brought for such people to build dormitories, guest houses etc. Apart from this, DDA will also have to focus on the size of its houses here. Things are no longer like the 60s. There are a large number of people who have the capacity to buy a good house. While the DDA has built very small houses in the recent years. Because of which people did not like him. Whoever buys a house, he buys at least one generation keeping in mind, so there is a need that DDA should not build EWS and LIG category houses smaller than 60 square meters.
The draft talks of a system like land pooling for unauthorized colonies. Do you think it will be practical for unauthorized colonies of Delhi?
In Turkey I have seen such an experiment successful. For this the government should come forward. People should combine the land of their houses and keep one third of that land for public facilities and then build multi-storeyed houses. This will make the colony well-planned. For this people have to form cooperative society. For this, there is also a provision of FAR in the master plan. The increased FAR will also cover the cost of construction of houses.
A nodal agency has also been talked about in the draft to overcome the problem of multiple agencies?
This is thought for transport. There is UTPack now but it is not a complete solution. At present there are many transport agencies in Delhi. It is envisaged to create an Urban Mass Transport Authority (UMTA) to coordinate Metro, Railways, NHAI, PWD, Transport etc. This was also mentioned in the National Urban Transport Policy 2006. But after that the matter got stuck whether Umta should remain under Central Government or Delhi Government. Now Umta’s proposal has been included again. Apart from transport, there has been talk of a digital system for coordination between other departments. 20 indicators have also been made, which keep monitoring the functioning of all the departments.
The flats which were built by DDA in the beginning after its formation, their age will also be coming to an end. They will need to be rebuilt. Has there been some thought about this in the master plan?
For DDA flats that have completed their age, there has been talk of redevelopment in the draft of the master plan. The methodology for carrying out redevelopment will be the same as has been adopted for the redevelopment of government colonies. Under this, the FAR will increase in the same colony of DDA. With this, money can be collected by using some land as commercial. DDA can go ahead and do this on an experimental basis to one colony so that similar experiments can be done in other colonies.