World Elder Abuse Awareness Day.
Commemorative date of the UN, established by the resolution of the General Assembly of the organization in 2011.
Among the problems that older people face are mistreatment by relatives and friends, physical violence, financial pressure, as well as unfriendly and negligent attitude towards them from the staff of medical institutions, social protection agencies.
world wind day.
Its establishment was initiated by the European Wind Energy Association and the World Wind Energy Council. The purpose of the holiday is to attract the attention of the public, and first of all, representatives of the energy complexes of different countries, to the huge potential of wind energy.
For the first time, Wind Day was held in 2007 in Europe, and two years later more than 30 countries joined the celebration, and it acquired the status of a world one.
Today, wind power plants are successfully operating in almost 80 countries around the world, thousands of people are involved in the production of energy from wind. The main leaders in terms of the capacity of wind turbines put into operation are China, the USA, Germany and Spain.
Day of creation of the youth movement in Russia.
On June 15, 1918, employees of the Station for Young Nature Lovers in Moscow’s Sokolniki Park conducted the first organized tour. This date is considered to be the beginning of the countdown of the movement of young naturalists. Later, the organization of young nature lovers was named the Timiryazev Central Biological Station for Young Naturalists.
The youth movement covered the entire country: by the mid-1970s, there were more than five thousand such organizations in the USSR.
In modern Russia, ecological and biological centers have become the successors of the stations of the young naturalists.
The anniversary XXV St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF) will open.
The idea of holding it belonged to the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation and the Inter-Parliamentary Assembly of the CIS Member States. In 1997, the initiative received the support of the President of the Russian Federation and the heads of state of the Commonwealth. Since 2006, SPIEF has been held under the patronage and with the participation of the President of the Russian Federation.
Over the past years, it has become the world’s leading forum for discussing key economic issues facing Russia, emerging markets and the world at large. Heads of states and governments, heads of parliaments, leaders of international organizations, representatives of the political and business elite of dozens of countries take part in the forum every year.
Traditionally, within the framework of the forum, hundreds of international contracts and agreements are concluded, the amount of which is estimated at billions of rubles.
SPIEF 2021 has become the world’s first and largest face-to-face business event after a forced break due to the coronavirus pandemic. More than 13.5 thousand participants from 141 countries visited the forum during its work. About 900 agreements were signed, the total amount of which amounted to over 4 trillion rubles.
This year, the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum will run until June 18.
13 years ago (2009), by order of the Government of the Russian Federation, the Russian Arctic National Park was created in the Arkhangelsk Region.
This is the northernmost and largest specially protected natural area in Russia. The area of the national park is almost 9 million hectares. It is located on two polar archipelagos in the Arkhangelsk region: Novaya Zemlya and Franz Josef Land.
Polar bears, Atlantic walruses, seals, bowhead whales, reindeer, beluga whales, etc. live on the territory of the Russian Arctic. About 20 species of birds inhabit the rocks of the park.
19 years ago (2003) the first ceremony of awarding the annual energy prize “Global Energy” took place.
In the Marble Hall of the Konstantinovsky Palace in Strelna, Russian President Vladimir Putin presented awards to Vice President of the Russian Academy of Sciences Gennady Mesyats, an employee of the American company Titan Pulse Sciences Division Ian Douglas Smith and Professor of the University of Illinois Nick Holonyak.
During the existence of the “Global Energy” more than 40 scientists from Russia, Great Britain, Germany, USA, France, Ukraine, Japan and other countries have become its laureates.
In 2021, Suleiman Allahverdiev and Zinfer Ismagilov (Russia), as well as Yi Tsui (USA) became the laureates of the award.
21 years ago (2001) the Declaration on the Establishment of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) was signed in Shanghai.
The heads of Russia, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan put their signatures under the document.
Among the main goals of the organization: promoting cooperation between the participating countries in the political, trade, economic, scientific, technical and cultural fields, as well as in the field of education, energy, transport, tourism, environmental protection and others, as well as joint provision and maintenance of peace, security and stability in the region.
At present, the SCO member states are: Russia, India, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Four countries have an observer at the SCO – Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia. Another 6 countries are partners in the SCO dialogue: Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia, Nepal, Turkey and Sri Lanka.
34 years ago (1988) Vladimir Yakovlev, a correspondent for Ogonyok magazine, registered the Fact information cooperative in Moscow..
It became the first Soviet non-state news agency. This date is considered the founding day of the Kommersant publishing house.
In December 1989, Fact, in cooperation with the Union of Cooperators, began publishing the newspaper Kommersant, the first private business publication in the USSR.
Today, the Kommersant Publishing House publishes the daily newspaper of the same name, the magazines Vlast, Dengi, Ogonyok and a number of others. The holding also includes the Kommersant FM radio station, the Kommersant Kartoteka web portal, and the kommersant.ru website.
38 years ago (1984) the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR “On declaring September 1 as a national holiday – the Day of Knowledge” was signed.
In the Russian Empire, there was no single date for the start of the academic year. In gymnasiums and universities, it began on August 29, in other educational institutions – in mid-September or October, and in rural schools even in December.
A single beginning of the academic year in all educational institutions was established in 1936, when the Decree of the Central Executive Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks and the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR “On the work of higher educational institutions and on the leadership of higher education” was adopted
In 1984, Knowledge Day became an official holiday. One of its creators is the honored school teacher of the RSFSR Fyodor Bryukhovetsky.
42 years ago (1980) the USSR national football team beat the Brazilian team.
A friendly match in honor of the 30th anniversary of the opening of the stadium and the 10th anniversary of the victory of the Brazilians in the IX World Cup was held at the Maracana stadium in Rio de Janeiro.
Soviet football players under the leadership of Konstantin Beskov managed to beat the Brazilians with a score of 2:1.
91 years ago (1931) a decision was made to build the Moscow Metro.
The first metro construction projects in Moscow appeared in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. So, for example, engineer Vasily Titov proposed to build a subway from the Kursk railway station through Lubyanskaya and Trubnaya squares to Maryina Roshcha. In 1902, the project of engineers Peter Balinsky and Evgeny Knorre was submitted to the Moscow City Duma for consideration. They proposed laying two interconnected ring lines – one under the Boulevard, and the second – under the Garden Ring. And from Red Square to different parts of the city, radial lines were supposed to diverge. It was assumed that in the central part of Moscow they would be built underground, and on the outskirts – on flyovers. However, the Moscow authorities did not approve this project.
After the revolution and the Civil War, the main urban transport in Moscow – the tram – fell into disrepair. The city, whose population has almost tripled, is stuck in traffic jams.
On June 15, 1931, the plenum of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks adopted a resolution “On the Moscow City Economy and the Development of the USSR City Economy”, which provided for the construction of a metro in the city.
Construction began in November 1931, and in May 1935 the first line of the Moscow metro was opened. It included 13 stations, and the total length of the tracks was about 11.5 kilometers.
Today there are more than 200 stations in the Moscow metro, 44 of which are recognized as objects of cultural heritage. Every day, the subway transports about 7 million people.
130 years ago (1892) in St. Petersburg, at the 1st Congress of Russian leaders in the fire business, the Russian Fire Society (now the All-Russian Voluntary Fire Society) was established
The idea of creating the organization arose at the All-Russian Fire Exhibition, which was held by the Russian Technical Society in 1892 in St. Petersburg. On June 15, the congress of Russian firemen approved the draft charter of the Russian Fire Society. The tasks of the organization included: taking preventive measures, helping firefighters and people affected by fires, publishing specialized literature, organizing and holding fire exhibitions. In 1898, the society became Imperial, and Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich was elected its honorary chairman.
In May 1919, the organization was liquidated. In July 1960, the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR decided to organize the All-Russian Voluntary Fire Society (VDPO), in November of the same year, the founding conference of the organization was held.
Today, VDPO is the largest public organization in Russia that works to form public opinion in the field of fire safety. About 270 thousand people are in its ranks. More than 13,000 voluntary fire brigades and 4,000 voluntary fire brigades with a total number of more than 240,000 people have been created.
68 years ago (1954) the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) was created.
Initially, the organization included 25 countries, and now their number has increased to 55. The first general secretary of UEFA was Henri Delaunay, and the president was Ebbe Schwarz.
Until 1959, the headquarters of the organization was located in Paris, then in Bern. Since 1995 it has been based in Nyon, Switzerland.
178 years ago (1844) American Charles Goodyear patented a method for vulcanizing rubber.
The inventor worked on a way to make rubber elastic and durable both in hot and cold weather for more than 10 years. He treated it with acid, boiled it in magnesia, added various substances. However, all his attempts remained unsuccessful: if in the cold the rubber could meet at least the minimum requirements, then on the very first hot day it turned into a sticky mass.
Goodyear’s discovery was made by accident. While working at a Massachusetts rubber factory, he dropped a lump of rubber mixed with sulfur onto a hot stove. He did not melt, but rather, charred, like leather. Later, after numerous tests, the inventor found the optimal vulcanization mode. He mixed rubber, sulfur, lead powder and heated the mixture to a certain temperature, resulting in rubber that was strong and elastic, despite the temperature of the air.
807 years ago (1215) on the Runnymede Meadow near London, the English King John the Landless signed the Magna Carta.
The rebellious feudal lords and church leaders forced the king to accept the document.
The charter, written in Latin, consists of a preamble and 63 paragraphs, and contains guarantees of those privileges and freedoms that form the foundation of the British system of government.
The most famous paragraphs of the charter are the 12th, which prohibits the king from imposing taxes without the consent of the taxpayers, and the 39th, which deprives the king of the right to arrest citizens and seize their property without a legal verdict of the court.
1709 years ago (313) the Roman emperor Constantine issued the “Edict of Milan” on freedom of religion.
The document ended almost three hundred years of persecution of Christians and equalized their rights with the followers of other religions of the Roman Empire. Also, all the property that was taken from them was returned to the Christian communities.