Mobile operators are required to store user text and voice messages transmitted over the Internet. The government proposed to establish the same requirements for technological communication networks. Within three years, the owners of such networks will not be able to destroy data on the transfer of messages and other information. At the request of law enforcement agencies and intelligence agencies, they will have to provide them with relevant information. The State Duma adopted such a bill in the second reading on March 1.
Communication networks will declassify information
Technological networks are not intended directly for the provision of communication services. Networks can be used to access the Internet and support the production activities of organizations and process control. The owners of technological communication networks are Internet providers and large companies, for example, Russian Railways or Gazprom. “These networks can have access to the external Internet on the so-called traffic exchange sites, but they are not telecom operators. Because of this, they do not fall under the standards and requirements, ”said the Deputy Head of the Ministry of Digital Development Dmitry Kim when considering the bill in the first reading.
The Cabinet of Ministers proposed to oblige the owners of such networks to store information about the facts of receiving, transmitting, delivering and processing voice, text messages, images, sounds, video and other information for three years. At the same time, the owners, upon request, will have to transfer information about their users and the data transmitted by them to law enforcement agencies and special services.
Now there are no requirements in the legislation for the storage of information by technological communication networks, which complicates the work of law enforcement officers. Fraudulent and criminal traffic can pass through closed networks.
• Penalties for unscrupulous mobile operators want to increase significantly
Who will enforce the law
The document is aimed at further improving the work of the sovereign Runet and eliminates an important gap in the field of data security, emphasized the Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Information Policy, Information Technologies and Communications Anton Gorelkin.
Four amendments were received by the second reading of the bill. In particular, it was established that the government will determine a specific list of information that providers and corporate networks will store, and the procedure for providing this information. They also clarified that the bill will come into force on September 1, 2023. Initially, it was supposed to take effect 90 days after the official publication.
According to the amendments, the government will approve the procedure for monitoring the activities of owners and other owners of technological communication networks.
Since July 2018, mobile operators have had the obligation to store Internet traffic. For six months, they were banned from destroying correspondence in instant messengers, social networks and e-mail, call recordings. For three years, they must store metadata – information about who and when called someone or sent files.
For those who refuse to store and transfer this information to law enforcement agencies and special services, article 13.31 of the Code of Administrative Offenses provides for liability. The fine for citizens is 3-5 thousand rubles, for officials – 30-50 thousand, for legal entities – from 800 thousand to 1 million rubles.
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