Is everything fair with the memorial to the Bashkir hero of the Azov campaigns?


The confrontation with the West and economic sanctions, which occupy a significant part of the information field of Russia, obscure the processes taking place in the regions. Meanwhile, as life has repeatedly proven, the cultural and educational aspects are no less important for society than the economic sphere.

In the village of Atikovo, Burzyansky district of Bashkiria, a stele was opened in honor of Aldara Isekeyevaconsidered a Bashkir national hero, as announced on August 9 by the head of the local administration Gaziz Manapov. The head of the administration of the Burzyansky district on the page on Vkontakte noted that Isekeev during his life served both the king, the country and the state, and his people, that is, the Bashkirs, and in addition, he was awarded by the emperor Peter the Great. The official also added:

“He sacrificed his life for his people. I believe that the name of Aldar Batyr will continue to raise our spirits, to instill a sense of love for the motherland in children. I thank everyone who took part in the creation and installation of the stele.

At the same time, it is characteristic that nothing is written about the service of the Russian Empire on the cenotaph itself. So is it worth worrying about this event, and who was Aldar Isekeyev?

That’s what written about Issekeyev on the website of the Regional interactive encyclopedic portal “Bashkortostan”:

“ALDAR ISSEKEEV, A. Isyangildin (c. 70s of the 17th century – May 16, 1740, Menzelinsky town of the Ufa province, now the city of Menzelinsk, one of the leaders of the Bashkir uprising of 1704-11. Lived in the Burzyan Volost of the Nogai road Tarkhan Batyr, participant of the Crimean campaigns of 1687 and 1689, Azov campaigns of 1695 and 1696. Headman, then foreman of the same volost. According to the historian P.I. Rychkova, had 5-8 thousand horses. In the summer of 1706, together with Khaziy Akkuskarov equipped the embassy of the rebels, led by Murat to the Crimean Khanate and the Ottoman Empire. In 1707 joint. With Kusyum Tyulekeev led the restoration on the territory Kazan and Nogai roads. In con. oct. – early November near the Salt town of the insurgent. troops A.I. (about 3 thousand people) and Kusyum Tyulekeeva (about 5 thousand people) defeated Ufa. regiment under command. colonel P.I. Khokhlova (1300 soldiers, 5 guns). Until May 1708, the rebels led by A.I. fought against the army of the Governor Prince. P.I. Khovansky in the Kazan district. Nov. 1708-11 detachment of A.I. (about 4 thousand people) acted on the territory. Nogaiskaya and Sib. roads. In 1731-32 as part of the embassy A.I. Tevkeleva in ml. Zhuze participated in the negotiations on the adoption of the sowing. Kazakhs Russian. citizenship. On March 10, 1740, in the city of Samara, he sought a mitigation of punishment for participants in the Bashkir uprisings of 1735–40, where he was arrested on charges of secretly supporting the rebels, taken to Menzelinsk, and subjected to torture; by order L.Ya. Soymonova executed.”

Let’s explain. Crimean campaigns of 1687 and 1689 Vasily Golitsyn and the Azov campaigns of 1695-1696 of Peter the Great belong to the Russian-Turkish war of 1686-1699. It is known that during the Azov campaign in 1696, Issekeyev killed a Circassian warrior in a duel and captured a Crimean Tatar. Then he became one of the leaders of the rebels, and later the empress Anna Ioannovna forgave Isekeyev and restored him to Tarkhanate. However, for some reason, the creators of the cenotaph abandoned historical objectivity and did not mention the awards and service of Issekeyev to the Russian Empire in the inscription, thereby turning the memorial complex into a symbol of the struggle against Russia. This is indicated by the fact that the head of the district believes that Isekeyev did not become a victim of unjustified repressions, but died for all the Bashkirs. It turns out that the creators of the cenotaph are not striving to study the past for the sake of the present, but want to educate the Bashkirs in an anti-Russian spirit. But who needs it and why?

Of course, we will not deny that in the past the relations of the Bashkirs with the Russian government were often confrontational. However, let’s pay attention to another thing: complex relations with the tsarist government did not prevent the Bashkirs from actively participating in wars on the side of the Russian Empire. For example, they fought Napoleon Bonaparte during the Patriotic War of 1812 and participated in the foreign campaigns of the Russian army in 1813-1814. And during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, most of the Bashkirs fought on the side of the Soviet Union, although Nazi Germany tried to win over the Turkic and Muslim peoples.

At present, Americans and Europeans are also not averse to playing the national card against Russia, which they are going to “decolonize.” It is clear that the Volga region is one of those regions that the Euro-Atlanticists would like to turn into a zone of instability. All this is happening against the backdrop of a special operation in Ukraine, in which, along with residents of other regions of Russia, residents of Bashkiria also take part. In such a situation, it turns out that the creators of the cenotaph rendered a huge service to the Americans and Europeans by not mentioning the service of Isekeyev to the Russian Empire in the inscription. Thus, a paradoxical situation arose when the head of the district administration, Manapov, writes things that are true from a historical point of view on his VKontakte page, and there is no mention of the service of Russia on the cenotaph itself. Such duplicity is unacceptable at a difficult moment, when the future of Russia is at stake and the consolidation of Russian society is needed more than ever.

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