Hugo Chávez’ legacy on the tenth anniversary of his death: sovereignty and regional union of states

Ten years have passed since Hugo Chávez’s early death. Not only was the statesman commemorated on the tenth anniversary of his death in Venezuela, but his political, anti-colonial legacy lives on throughout Central and Latin America and beyond.

By Maria Mueller

On the tenth anniversary of the passing of Venezuela’s charismatic President Hugo Chávez, numerous activities took place in the country to commemorate his life and his political message. Among other things, a large rally with tens of thousands of participants in the heart of Caracas, demonstrations in several cities, a visit to the Chávez mausoleum by foreign delegations and a three-day international working meeting took place. From March 3rd to 5th, the forum “Relevance of the Thoughts of Simon Bolivar and Hugo Chávez in the 21st Century” was held in the capital in honor of the late President of Venezuela (1999-2013). Heads of state, intellectuals, political leaders, activists and representatives of organizations and social movements from 50 nations took part.

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Forum topics included “power from below”, community development, military-civilian cooperation, decolonization, the media and new technologies, the international situation, the integration of Latin America, the Caribbean and their position in the world, the construction of the multipolar world order and the road to socialism of the 21st century.

In his opening speech, the chairman of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV) and governor of the state of Miranda, Héctor Rodríguez, named the actual reason for the sanctions policy and the aggressive measures taken by the USA against Venezuela.

“They want to take our resources and stop the revolution because it defends our national interests. And because they stand up for the fact that another world is possible, that a world can be built without imperialism.” (…) “The United States is not interested in democracy or human rights. The United States is not interested in the Venezuelan people, but in oil, in gas, in our rich natural resources,” said Rodríguez.

Multipolar world order and protection of sovereign resources

The upcoming multipolar world order, Latin America’s role in it and the protection of its own resources through fair trade are the focus of Latin American concerns and challenges today. A union of Latin American states is under discussion and the first steps in this direction are being taken.

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The legacy of Hugo Chávez is at the heart of such visions and can be seen as an early political impetus for developments.

As early as March 13, 2013, at a special session in honor of his memory, the then Secretary-General of the UN, Ban Ki-moon, emphasized Hugo Chávez’s “eminently Latin American vision” and affirmed that he had “a decisive impetus for new efforts towards regional integration given.”

Concrete steps towards regional integration

The President of Bolivia, Luis Arce, also took part in the forum on the “Relevance of the Thoughts of Simon Bolivar and Hugo Chávez”. Arce commented on Latin America’s integration policy and recalled the measures taken so far, above all the creation of CELAC (Community of Latin American and Caribbean States) in 2011, to the creation of which Hugo Chávez had made a significant contribution.

Arce also spoke about the first joint development bank, the “Bank of the South”, which arose at Chávez’s proposal and was formally established in 2007. It is intended to enable independent financing of one’s own sovereign development projects and is intended as an alternative to the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.

Venezuela, Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Paraguay and Uruguay are founding members of the bank, which, however, has not yet been able to secure the necessary financial contributions from member states.

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A common regional currency, which can be used to conduct trade among neighboring countries, is also under discussion as an alternative space for an economy free from the constraints of the dollar and its geopolitical machinations.

Referring to Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s proposal to set up a common regional economic zone against inflation, Arce stressed that he had supported this project from the start.

Is Latin American integration a safeguard against US intervention?

The question hangs like a sword of Damocles over the future of the continent. The fears are justified. The extremely painful experiences with the US military raids on this continent are realities. The masked attempts at coup and destabilization in Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil in recent years and months show that US foreign policy mindsets and scenarios are still rigidly rooted in historical concepts. The military scenarios remain for Latin America.

Colonial US policy towards Latin America

The shocking statements made by the new commander in chief of the Southern Command, General Laura J. Richardson, at a January 24 conference of the Atlantic Council think-tank put the threats to peace in Latin America in the clearest possible light. Economic relations with third countries are still viewed by the United States from a military point of view.

Literally speaking, Commander-General Richardson said of the continent:

“Why is this region important? It’s rich in resources, rare earths and lithium. That’s where the lithium triangle is, which is necessary for the technology. 60 percent of the world’s lithium is in the lithium triangle: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile. They have the largest reserves of light and sweet crude oil discovered in Guyana about a year ago. They also have Venezuela’s resources of oil, copper and gold. China gets 36 percent of its food from this region. We have the Amazon. The lungs of the world . We also have 31 percent of the world’s fresh water in this region. It’s something extraordinary.”

“We have a lot to do. This region is important, it has a lot to do with national security and we have to improve our strategy,” Richardson continued.

More on the subject: https://de.rt.com/ Amerika/114835-usa-see-themselves-threatened-by-the-influence-of-china-and-russia/

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