Robert McFarlane, former National Security Adviser to the President of the United States, has died at the age of 85. Told the newspaper The Washington Post his son Scott. The cause of death was an exacerbation of lung disease.
Mr. MacFarlane was an adviser to President Ronald Reagan from 1983-1985. In this role, he helped develop the Strategic Missile Defense Initiative dubbed Star Wars.
Resigned due to disagreements with US Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger and Chief of Staff Donald Regan. In the second half of the 1980s, Robert MacFarlane was involved in a major political scandal called “Iran-Contra” (“Irangate”). It flared up at the end of 1986, when it turned out that some members of the US administration organized the supply of weapons to Iran in circumvention of the embargo. The investigation showed that the proceeds from the sale of weapons were spent on financing the rebels in Nicaragua, which was also prohibited by Congress. Because of this scandal, a group of deputies proposed to impeach Mr. Reagan, but their resolution was left without movement.
In 1988, Mr. MacFarlane pleaded guilty to concealing information, was sentenced to two years of probation and a fine of $20,000. In 1992, President George W. Bush pardoned all the accused.
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