Fed’s preferred inflation gauges seen running hot

The Federal Reserve’s preferred inflation This week’s gauges, together with an increase in consumer spending, have prompted central bankers to debate the need for adjusting the rate of interest-rate rises.

The In the US, the price index of personal consumption expenditures is forecast to rise by 0.5% January From a month before, the largest increase in prices since mid-2022. The median estimate in a Bloomberg A survey of economists predicts that the core measure will see a 0.4% increase. This excludes fuel and better reflects underlying inflation.


Those The deceleration of annual inflation remains at a high level, but monthly increases are slowing down. Fed’s goal. In addition, Friday’s data will underscore a fully engaged American Consumers, economists expect the sharpest increase in nominal expenditure on goods or services since 2005. October 2021.

This week’s report is also projected to show the largest increase in personal income in 1 1/2 years, fueled both by a resilient job market and a large upward cost-of-living adjustment for Social Security recipients.

In In sum, the income- and spending data will illustrate the problem facing a Fed In the midst its most aggressive tightening campaign in years. The report follows figures this past week revealing a spike in retail sales and hotter-than-anticipated consumer and producer price data.

Investors They are betting on how far they will go. Fed This tightening cycle will see rates rise. They The federal funds rate is now at 5.3% JulyAccording to Interest-rate futures. That This compares to the 4.9% peak rate just two weeks earlier.

Minutes From the Fed’s latest policy meeting, at which the central bank raised its benchmark rate by 25 basis points, will also be released on Wednesday. The The appetite for a greater increase at the next policymakers meeting may be revealed through readout March Recent comments by officials suggest that this is the case.

Cleveland Fed President Loretta Mester This week, she said that she had seen a “compelling economic case” For introducing another 50-basis-point increase earlier in the month, St. Louis Fed’s James Bullard said he wouldn’t rule out supporting such an increase in March.

January This week’s US data releases include new-and existing-home sales and the second estimate for fourth-quarter gross domestic products.

ElsewhereIn North America, Canada’s January Inflation data will help traders place bets about the future rate path after the Bank Of Canada Declared a conditional suspension of hikes, only for the labor market to tighten even further.

Meanwhile testimony by Japan’s next central-bank chief, a Group Meeting of 20 finance ministers. Rate increases in New Zealand IsraelThese are just a few of the highlights for the week ahead.

Central bank rate decisionsAgencies

In A big week for central bank in Asia-PacificInvestors will be able to get a first look at the details of this investment. Kazuo Ueda’s policy views on Friday During the first parliamentary hearings of the nominee to be Bank Of Japan governor.

Reassessing BoJ's PathAgencies

That’ll follow another expected rate hike from the Reserve Bank Of New Zealand As it fights inflation above 7%.

The Bank Of Korea is predicted to pause amid signs of strain in its economy, though another hike can’t be ruled out given inflation remains above 5%.

Minutes From the latest Reserve Bank Of Australia meeting are likely to give more insight into the board’s thinking on further rate hikes as Governor Philip Lowe His leadership is under attack

Ahead The weekend Japanese Inflation figures are expected to show there’s still plenty of heat in prices for the new BOJ governor to consider.

And in India, Group Twenty finance chiefs will gather later in the week for a discussion on the world economy, their first such meeting of the year.

Europe, Middle East, Africa
EuroHighlights of the region data include flash survey readings from purchasing executives FebruaryThis report provides insight into the economic health after unexpectedly increasing in the fourth quarter. That’s scheduled for Tuesday.

The Last reading of euro-zone inflation to be made on ThursdayAfter delays,, will have a greater importance than usual German Data were omitted from the initial estimate. Economists Expect a slight upward revision.

In Germany The author of the article. Ifo index Business sentiment On Wednesday This will indicate how Europe’s biggest economy is weathering the energy crisis. Economists Forecast improvements for all key measures

GraphicInflation rate in the UK

UK inflation rateAgencies

In Investors will be watching the UK for any indications of how this affects policy. Bank Of England officials. Catherine Mann Silvana Tenreyro Both are scheduled to appear.

Over In the Nordic region Monday The Riksbank Minutes from its 2023 inaugural meeting will soon be available. That This decision was the first to be made by new. Swedish Governor Erik Thedeen.

Graphic: Swedish Central Bank

Swedish Central BankAgencies

Looking south, Israel’s central bank will likely deliver the smallest rate hike of its monetary tightening cycle by lifting its benchmark a quarter percentage point to 4% on Monday. But Inflation surprises and political turmoil could lead to policymakers considering a more aggressive stance.

South African Finance Minister Enoch Godongwana His annual budget will be presented on Wednesday. He’s expected to announce how much of state power utility Eskom Holdings SOC Ltd.’s 400 billion-rand ($22 billion) debt will be taken over by the government.

Nigerian Data on Wednesday According to economist estimates, growth may have slowed to 1.9% for the fourth quarter, from 2.3% during the three-month prior period. That’s as cash shortages, rising debt-servicing costs, deteriorating fiscal balances, a plunging naira and election jitters curtail spending and investment.

Turkey’s central bank is set to cut rates to less than 9%, as pledged by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan This was earlier in the month. The country’s devastating earthquakes will also spur officials to carry out more easing on ThursdayAccording to economists,

Latin America
In MexicoThe mid-month consumer price reports should emphasize the obvious: inflation remains elevated, over target, and sticky as the headline rate hovers at 7.8%, while core readings remain above 8%.

The Minutes of Banxico’s Feb. 9 meeting might provide some guidance about what policymakers see as the terminal rate of the current 11% and how they might decide to keep that rate there.

Banxico does not ExpectAgencies

December Data from GDP-proxy Argentina Mexico Both economies will likely show a rapid cooling trend. Peru’s fourth-quarter output report is also predicted to reveal a drop in momentum, capturing the December National unrest and political turmoil are the result of President Pedro Castillo’s ouster.

Brazil’s central bank posts its market expectations survey at mid-week with the end of the Carnival holiday. Both President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva central bank chief Roberto Campos Neto High-profile interviews were given that could help to calm tensions regarding monetary policy which are at least partially to blame for rising inflation expectations.

Brazil seen FacingAgencies

Mid-month consumer price data posted Friday It is possible that inflation is stuck at 5.79% for the year-end 2023, which is exactly where it was in 2022.

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