According to the All India Survey of Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20, female participation in institutions of national importance is the lowest, while female participation in vocational courses is less as compared to academic courses. In the report released by the Ministry of Education on Thursday, it has been said that between 2015-16 and 2019-20, there has been an overall increase of more than 18 percent in the enrollment of girls in higher education.
A total of 1,019 universities, 39,955 colleges and 9,599 other institutions were covered in the survey. This survey gives information about the current status of higher education in the country. According to the report, there has been an increase of 11.4 percent in the enrollment of students in the five years between 2015-16 and 2019-20. The enrollment of girl students in higher education has increased by 18.2 percent during the same period. The Gender Parity Index (GPI) in Higher Education stood at 1.01 in 2019-20 as against 1.00 in 2018-19. This indicates improved access to higher education for women as compared to men.
According to the report, the state has the lowest number of girl students in institutions under private open universities (2,499), followed by institutions under state legislature law (3,702). However, this share is the highest among state government universities.
The report said the share of women in institutions of national importance is the lowest (24.7 per cent), followed by deemed university government (33.4 per cent) and state private universities (34.7 per cent). The share of women in institutions under the State Legislature Act is 61.2 percent.
According to the report, the share of girl students in state public universities is 50.1 per cent and in central universities is 48.1 per cent. The survey found that the participation of women in vocational courses is lower as compared to academic courses at both the undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
It said that during the last five years there has been an increase in the number of women at MA, MSc and MCom levels as well. However, the participation of women in undergraduate courses like BCA, BBA, BTech or BE and LLB is still very less.