The Union Education Ministry has released the All India Survey on Higher Education Report (AISHE) 2019-20, according to which the total enrollment in higher education in 2019-20 was 3.85 crores as against 3.74 crores in 2018-19. Minister of State for Education Sanjay Dhotre said, “This survey report has been released after the approval of Union Education Minister Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank. This report shows that there has been an improvement in higher education due to the policies adopted for the betterment of education under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Higher Education Secretary Amit Khare said, “This 10th AISHE report has been released under the able leadership of the Prime Minister and under the guidance of the Union Education Minister. The ever-increasing enrollment, number of institutions, diminishing gender inequality are in line with the provisions of Access, Equality and Quality of our New Education Policy 2020. We are confident that under the able guidance of the Prime Minister and the Education Minister, we will be able to achieve the goal of becoming a Vishwaguru very soon.”
According to the Ministry of Education, the Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) in higher education also registered 27.1 percent in 2019-20 from 26.3 percent in 2018-19 and 24.3 percent in 2014-15. There has also been an improvement in the Gender Equality Index. Access to higher education has increased for girls as compared to boys and the student-teacher ratio has also been recorded at 26 in 2019-20. He said that the number of universities has increased from 993 to 1043 in 2019-20 as compared to 2018-19, the number of colleges has increased from 39931 to 42343 and the number of stand-alone institutions has increased from 10725 to 11779.
During this period, 3.38 crore students were enrolled in undergraduate and postgraduate programs, of which 85 percent (2.85 crore) enrolled in humanities, science, commerce, engineering and technology, medical science and IT and computer. Apart from this, there has been a significant increase in the number of PhD students. As against 1.17 lakh students in 2014-15, 2.03 students did PhD in 2019-20. The number of teachers was also recorded in 2019-20 at 15,03,156 out of which 57.5 per cent were males and 42.5 per cent were females.