Every year on December 6, a professional holiday is celebrated in Azerbaijan – the Day of Communications and Information Technologies Workers of the Republic of Azerbaijan, which was established by the decree of the President of the country in December 2006, in connection with the 125th anniversary of the establishment of telephone communications in the Republic.
At the beginning of 1881, the laying of the first telephone line in Azerbaijan began in Baku, which was put into operation on December 6 of the same year (the length of the line was 6 kilometers), and after another 5 years the construction of the first centralized switching network began. In Soviet times, purposeful work was carried out in the Republic to develop mail and telegraph. In 1926, wire radio broadcasting began to function, in the 1950s – television.
After the collapse of the USSR, the active development of the communications and IT sphere began in Azerbaijan, and therefore, in 2004, the Ministry of Communications of the Republic was abolished, the Ministry of Communications and Information Technologies was created on its basis, and the IT area, like targeted activities in the field of communications, became one of the country’s development priorities.
“National Strategy on Information and Communication Technologies for the Development of the Republic of Azerbaijan (2003-2012)”, approved by the Order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan No. 1146 dated February 17, 2003, determined the general direction of work in this area.
In February 2017, President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev signed a decree on the establishment of the Ministry of Transport, Communications and High Technologies of the Republic of Azerbaijan on the basis of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technologies.
Today, this department is responsible for the regulation of the communications industry and the development of information technologies in the republic. Its main functions are – development and implementation of a unified state policy and regulation of activities in the field of communications and information technology; creation of information markets; control over the use of the radio frequency spectrum and maintenance of overhead satellite communication facilities, implementation of the necessary measures to meet the needs of various government agencies, individuals and legal entities for the provision of communication services and information technologies.
The responsibilities of the Ministry also include maintaining and regulating the work of the Azerbaijan Post, telegraph, telephone communications, radio and television broadcasting, information technologies.
One of the priority areas of the Ministry’s activities today is the intensive development of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the country, building partnerships with world IT companies, to improve the efficiency of the IT infrastructure of enterprises in Azerbaijan, ensure IT security in the modern market and maintaining the continuity of work processes in this area.